Oxfarm hass avocados planting schedule for the march- April long rains

AVOCADOS

Description:

There are various types of avocados but the most famous are fuerte and hass varieties. Hass variety is the best due to its marketability.it is mostly grown for export and thus its high demand.

Requirement for growth:

Hass avocado is cultivated over a wide range of climates, with a 2500m altitude above sea level being the most ideal. The tree requires cool to warm temperatures, with the minimum not falling below70 degrees Celsius and a maximum of200c(the optimum range is 150c to 250c). avocado trees are not tolerant to frost, avocados are highly adapted to different rainfall conditions, however, the rain should be an average of 1000-1600mm per annum and well distributed throughout the year.

Propagation:

Hass and fuerte varieties are propagated through grafting. Seeds are prepared for germination and grafting is done when they are 1 foot long. Proper hygiene should be observed when grafting to ensure that diseases are not spread to the plants.

Production:

Productivity of avocados increases as the number of years increase. After  2  years, each avocado plant can produce a minimum of a 100 fruits,3 years a minimum of 200 fruits,5th year 500 fruits,8th year 1000 fruits and 15th year 3000 fruits. They have a lifespan of 50 years. Each fruit is retailing at an average of sh 15 at the farm gate. This means at the 2nd year you can get sh 1500 per plant and sh 225000 per acre every year.

Planting

 

  1. Land should be tilled ready for planting
  2. Planting of avocado trees is completed at a spacing of 5M × 5M with an acre carrying an approximation of 150 seedlings
  3. Dig planting holes 60cm by 2ft separating top soil and the other soil, combine the top soil with 20kg of well rotten manure, take away the seed plant from the pot keeping the basis and soil structure intact, and plant the seedling using the top soil mixture.
  4. The soil is also accustomed to creating a basin round the plant.
  5. Water regularly but avoid water-logging
  6. Hass Avocados are sensitive to wind, which might cause fruit drop and defoliation.
  7. Trees ought to be settled in safe areas

Cost of Planting

  • We sell hass avocado seedlings at Ksh 150/seedling. One acre requires 150 seedlings which means 1 acre will cost you 22,500 on seedlings.
  • You require people to dig holes and apply manure
  • We have a full package of 40,000 which is the cost of holes preparation, seedlings, planting and monitoring for 3 months.

 

Projections

 

Year Number of trees Approximated fruits per tree/per year Total Fruits Price per fruit Total
3 150 100 15,000 10 150, 000
4 150 200 30,000 10 300, 000
5 150 500 75,000 10 750, 000
6 150 600 90,000 10 900, 000
7 150 700 105,000 10 1, 050, 000
8 150 1000 150,000 10 1, 500, 000
9 150 1000 150,000 10 1, 500, 000
10 150 1000 150,000 10 1, 500, 000

 

 

 

CONTRACT FARMING BETWEEN FARMER AND OXFARM ORGANIC SAMPLE

Cecilia wanjiku wishes to grow hass avocados in her 2 acres of land in Kiserian, Kajiado county and Oxfarm Organic Enterprises wishes to prepare her land, supply her with seedlings, plant and monitor for three months for a cost of 40,000 per acre totaling to 80,000. Monitoring involves visiting the farm once per month for advice and replacement of non performing seedlings.

This contract specifies the terms and conditions under which Oxfarm Organic  will engage on and what the farmer is required to do.

Oxfarm Organic  agrees to:

  1. Measure and assess the suitability of the farm proposed by the farmer to plant hass avocados.
  2. Prepare the land for planting on time by carrying out the measurement for the holes, digging of the holes, application of manure and later planting professionally.
  3. Provide high quality certified seedlings of hass avocados in good time with the quantity required for planting each acre having 150 hass avocado trees.
  4. Monitoring- to oversee the project for the next three months after its commencement.

This monitoring entails giving detailed information to the farmers on how to carry out necessary activities to the hass avocado tree e.g.: pruning, irrigation if need be, market connection etc.

The farmer agrees to:

  1. Provide the land for purposes of growing hass avocado trees.
  2. Provide manure on time so that the planting practices can be carried out on time.
  3. Provide assistance if there need be on the farm e.g. ensuring the planted seedlings are safe from destruction by say livestock etc.
  4. Pay the agreed amount on time before the start of the project to avoid inconveniences i.e. 50% deposit as commitment fee and the rest before planting commences.
  5. Take over the project after the three months after planting the hass avocado seedlings.

 

DURATION OF THE AGREEMENT

  • This agreement will last for about 4 months from land preparation to the three months of monitoring of the farm.
  • If both parties are satisfied with the outcome of the agreement it may be renewed for further additional hass avocado farming.
  • If any of parties fail to adhere to the agreed conditions there will be consequences and the dispute will be solved by the parties as to what is best for both parties. Any dispute that cannot be solved by the parties involved will be referred to an independent arbiter acceptable to all the parties.

 

 

I HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE CONTENTS OF THIS AGREEMENT AND I SIGN IT OUT OF MY FREE WILL ON DATE …./ …/2018.

 

PARTIES:                                  NAME                                                      ID NO.                                   SIGN

 

  1. FARMER:                 ………………………………….           ……………………                     …………………

 

  1. OXFARM ORGANIC: …………………………………          ……………………                      …………………

 

 

  1. WITNESS: ……………………………………           …………………….                    …………………

 

 

 

 

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