Irrigation in Mango Farming

Irrigation in Mango Farming

Mango trees are vigorous in nature, so needs less water than other commercial fruit tree farming like banana farming. So, your mango farm should be irrigated at an interval of two to three days, in the first year of your mango farming business. But, when they start to bear fruit, at this stage, about two irrigation is essential.

Also, give water to those fruits bearing plant at an interval of 10 to 15 days. And stop irrigation after their full growth. Take care during the flowering stage. At this stage, stop giving them water. If irrigation does not stop, it may lead to bad quality mango fruit production.

How much water does a mango tree need? It depends on the type of soil, on which you are growing mango along with the growth of your mango tree. Give frequent water to your mango tree, after the plantation, at the time of flowering & fruit bearing stage.

Application of Manure and Fertilizer in Mango Farming

Your soil should be rich in some essential organic matter like Nitrogen, Potash, Phosphorous, etc to prevent your fruit farm from some of the diseases. If your soil has any deficiency, then they should be supplemented at the time of soil preparation to earn higher production. So, for improvement of your soil; physically and chemically, application of cow dung manure, about 20 tonnes per hectare is beneficial.

Application of Urea to the base of the mango tree at flowering stage will directly enhance the growth of the mango tree, yielding more amount of fruits. Apply manure & fertilizers for around ten years of planting the mango tree, each & every year after planting. And always try to supply them, particularly.Also, application of 40 kg cow dung manure per each mango plant, is beneficial in enhancing the growth of plants.

Mango Diseases

  • Powdery mildew
  • Phytophthora fruit rot
  • Anthracnose
  • Bacterial black spot
  • Mango malformation disease
  • Apical bud necrosis
  • Bacterial flower disease
  • Stem-end rots 

Presence of these diseases can be easily identified.

Mango Pests

  • Mango shoot caterpillar,
  • Fruit-piercing moths, 
  • Mango stem miner, 
  • Red-banded thrips, 
  • Fruit-spotting bug, 
  • Helopeltis,  
  • Mango tip borer, 
  • Mango leafhopper,
  • Mango seed weevil,
  • Queensland fruit fly,
  • Spiralling whitefly, etc

Point to note:

In mango cultivation, some types of mango start giving early production & some of the mangoes types used to late fruit bearing. Presently, with the help of various grafting method, it is available to get early production. Usually, grafted mango tree start to bear fruit from the second year onwards, while the mango tree grew with the help of seeds used to bear fruit at age of ten years.

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