Ginger/Tangawizi is versatile and is used in products ranging from spicy cakes to drinks (ginger ale) and sweets. Ginger is especially prized for its healing properties, which makes it a valuable crop. It contains active substances that can have a beneficial effect on the human body. It is a painkiller, a relaxant, a breath-freshener, a decongestant and an anti-septic.
It is also a remedy for flu, colds, fatigue, headaches, migraine, menstrual pain and impotence. The intensity of the flavor varies according to when the ginger is harvested. The older the plant, the hotter the root will taste. Young ginger roots are softer and more succulent, and have a milder flavor. These young tubers can be eaten fresh or preserved in vinegar, sugary water. Young ginger is also perfectly suited for making ginger tea.
Health benefits of eating ginger…
- Ginger is well known for boosting the bone health and giving relief from joint pain.
- From the ancient time, this medicinal plant is being used to cure diarrhea.
- Gingers are also very strong carminative that is beneficial in causing excess gas elimination.
- Gingers are also good for the healthy digestive system.
- Ginger is also found to be beneficial in providing protection from some kinds of cancer such as colorectal cancer, ovarian cancer, etc.
- Gingers are also beneficial in keeping skin healthy and free from any type of infections.
- From the ancient times, gingers are well known for increasing the sexual activity in the human and also for the good circulation of blood.
- It also helps in preventing Menstrual Cramps.
- Gingers are helpful in treating the migraine and also preventing us from cold, cough and various flu.
- Ginger is also the home remedy for the diabetic patients which is also beneficial in reducing morning sickness problems.
You can plant ginger as they are but cutting them into parts is beneficial.
Cutting for rhizome is easy:
- The ginger plant will take the rhizome as its own root and grow new root form them.
- So, cut the dormant rhizome 2-3 weeks before planting into parts as like potatoes.
- Each part that is cut off to be set must hold at least one eye.
- Ensure each part contains at least 4-6 g weight.
- Cutting size can vary from 1– 3 inches depending on your preference.
- Bigger rhizome holds larger food for ginger plant.
To plant ginger:
- Mix in compost or aged manure if your soil is lacking.
- Plant in early spring if possible but if you live in a warmer climate, you can plant at any time.
- Slice off the fingers making sure the rhizome piece is 1 to 2 inches long with at least one bud.
- Allow the pieces to dry for 24-48 hours before planting as this helps to control possible root rot.
- Plant each section at least 12 inches apart no deeper than 1-inch. For commercial cultivation, ginger is usually planted in double rows a foot apart with a working path between rows.
- Water well after planting.
- Leaves will emerge after about a week.
- Water sparingly but deeply after you see growth.
Your ginger will grow up to four feet tall and many of the roots will appear above ground which is natural for this type of plant.
Fertilize the plant each six to eight weeks, using organic fertilize like seaweed extract, fish emulsion. The necessary nutrition needed to grow ginger are :
- Nitrogen: It is essential for chlorophyll, proteins, and amino acids. It is required in comprehensive portions.
- Phosphorus: It performs a vital part of respiration. Phosphorus is also critical to the evolution of enzymes, phospholipids, and nucleic acids. It helps early plant vigor and stimulates fresh root extension.
- Potassium: Necessary for yeast activation, osmosis, transpiration, also the opening and closing of the stomata of the leaves.
Diseases and Pests
Root rot is a major destructive disease that can affect the ginger plant.
This disease can be managed by selecting well drained soils. Selecting a healthy rhizome and good shade can prevent plant from diseases like Soft rot, dry rot, leaf spot, white grub, shoot borer and bacterial wilt. Using an organic herbicide for controlling diseases and bacteria in ginger plants. Using neem oil spray or horticultural oil spray regularly will protect from pests.
Shoot borer makes holes in the pseudostem and the grass is thrown out of the holes and also, the central shoot of affected plants becomes yellow and withers.
For controlling shoot borer in the ginger crop effectively, spray 0.1 % malathion once a month on the regular basis between July to August.
Such kinds of caterpillar totally feed on the leaf through folding of the leaf.
For controlling leaf roller, spraying 0.05 % Dimethoate has effective results.
Chinese Rose Beetle
The”Shot-hole” coming of leaves and the entire leaf is consumed, excepting the leaf veins. Whereas adult insects are a reddish-brown beetle in appearance which used to feed on the plants during the night.
Chinese rose beetles get attracted towards dim light. So, try to keep shining bright light in the field to control them effectively.
They totally feed on the rhizomes via make bore into the seed rhizomes
For controlling measures, spraying of 0.05 % methyl parathion, @ about 3 times from July onwards is found to be beneficial.
They used to suck sap from seed rhizomes and further causing them to dry up.
Dip the affected ones into 0.05 % dimethoate at the time of plantation onwards for controlling them effectively.
The mild curling and dropping of leaves from the base leaves. Which further spreads to the upwards and finally to the pseudostem of plants
Full maturity is attained at seven to 10 months when leaves turn yellow and start to lodge. You can start harvesting when plants are fully matured but depending on the market, harvesting can be done before full maturity. If you are growing ginger root in the garden you can start stealing little bits of it once it is about four months old.
Just dig carefully at the side of a clump.(This “green ginger” does have a lot less flavour than the mature stuff, though). As plant matures volatile oil content decreases and fiber contents increase. Ginger rhizomes for preservation are harvested at seven months when fibre content and pungency is still low.
Ginger for fresh and dried products is harvested when volatile oil content is at maximum, at 9 to 10 months. When harvesting, lift the ginger plant gently from the soil. If you’d like to continue to grow ginger root, break off a part of the ginger root that has foliage and carefully replant it. The rest of the ginger root can be used as your harvest.